GRI 201-1, GRI 203-1, GRI 203-2
50Hertz as the main company of the Eurogrid Group, whose shares are held by Eurogrid International NV/SA, 80 percent by Elia Group NV/SA and 20 percent by Selent Netzbetreiber GmbH, whose shares are held by KfW Bankengruppe, has already invested around € 3.1 billion in the expansion of our grid and the construction of grid connections of offshore wind farms (OWP) in the last 5 years. As planned, we will exceed this amount in the coming years. In line with the long-term planning horizon of these investment measures, we have developed a sustainable financing strategy based on the following guiding principles:
The BBB+ rating awarded by Standard & Poors with a stable outlook was also confirmed in the 2019 financial year. Our sustainability rating from the Sustainalytics agency was published in 2019 with a further improved score. Most recently, 50Hertz successfully placed a EUR 750 million bond on the market at favourable conditions in 2016. This bond financing was extended in the same year by an agreement with a consortium of banks to provide a syndicated long-term loan of EUR 150 million. Thanks to an excellent financial situation resulting from successful business operations, it was possible to dispense with further financing in 2019.
The sustainable financing strategy is supported by the solid balance sheet. Shareholders and management take the interests of our debt investors into account when making management decisions, in particular through the dividend policy mentioned above.
The reported non-current assets are largely covered by equity and long-term financing. With this stable starting basis, the prerequisites for a positive rating have been created in order to secure access to the capital market in the future and to be able to implement our financing strategy. Future growth is to be financed 40 percent from internal financing and 60 percent via the capital market.
In the context of the sustainable business activities of 50Hertz, we are evaluating a financing opportunity via the dynamically developing market for so-called "Green Bonds".
In the 2019 reporting year, the Eurogrid Group generated earnings after taxes of almost EUR 178 million. This good result underlines the earning capacity of 50Hertz, with which both operating expenditure and debt service from interest payments on borrowings and increasing depreciation and amortisation could be serviced from the growing assets. We have invested the additional funds in our grid.
The total turnover representing the total output contains the turnover from the pay-as-you-go systems handled by the TSO, whose liquidity is also managed outside the actual grid business. The entire apportionment systems have an effect on 50Hertz without affecting the result: The sales are offset by corresponding expenses. The revenue recognized in profit or loss is made up of various components that have different effects on the total amount.
Grid revenues depend decisively on the regulatory framework, which is determined by the Federal Network Agency by setting a so-called revenue cap for a period of 5 years. If the recognised influencing factors for this revenue cap are too narrowly defined, the resulting reduction in earning power could jeopardise further growth of 50 Hertz. The reduction in the return on equity from 7.39% to 5.64% (after tax), which will apply from 2019 as a result of the requirements of the German Incentive Regulation Ordinance (ARegV), has led to a significant decline in earnings, which could not be offset by the additional investment activity and efficiency efforts.
The economic situation of the Group is largely characterised by the regulatory framework resulting from the grid operation of 50 Hertz.
The positive result in 2019 reflects the revenue effect of the ongoing investment activity of the Eurogrid Group. Unlike in the previous year, there were no significant one-off effects in 2019. The earnings development reflects in particular the lower return on equity for the new regulatory period.
In 2020, a significant increase in investment activity to approximately EUR 680 million is planned. The resulting additional financing requirements are to be met by issuing a Green Bond, among other things. Regardless of the efficiency measures, grid operation costs are expected to rise in 2020 due to the energy transition. Accordingly, earnings after taxes in 2020 are expected to be lower than in the previous year.